Cherry

Kamo Mabuchi wrote: "at the time of cherry blossoms is like clouds-is it not because the soul has become more spacious, like the spring sky..." Indeed, cherry blossoms are almost a mystical sight. What do we know about cherry? Let's remember the 20 most interesting facts about it.

Fact # 1: Persian beauty

The tree originates from Persia (present-day Iran). She met in the Caucasus, along the Black sea.

Fact # 2: a stranger to, but its

In Russia, the cherry came in the middle of the XIV century, and in the XV century, along with the Apple tree, it becomes a cult tree, glorified by legends, poems and songs. Yes, and what else? Cherries and fed and treated.

Fact # 3: cherry coumarin

Cherry-a plant containing a large number of coumarins - substances in small amounts is very beneficial to blood formation and improve blood clotting. Therefore, cherry is especially useful for those who suffer from heart and vascular diseases and have a risk of increased thrombosis.

Fact # 4: antibiotic by nature

In Vishna, a huge number of phytoncides, which are, according to modern doctors, natural means that stop the reproduction of viruses and bacteria. Therefore, good Housewives add cherry leaves to pickles - they prevent fermentation and are stored longer.

Fact # 5: beauty inside and out

A lot of the cherries b vitamins, providing the beauty of skin, nails and hair. Vitamin A, which is also rich in cherries, has a positive effect on vision, and vitamin C increases immunity and keeps youth for a long time. Therefore, the ancient beauty of the season preferred cherry to all other berries. Modern beauties not only eat cherry, but also make from it various masks, achieving the effect of youth and freshness.

Fact # 6: cherry poison

Yes, cherries can be and be poisoned. But not the flesh of the fruit, and the contents of the bones, which contain amygdalin, turning in the human body into cyanide. Children do not give the content of the cherry pits, and adults can safely chew one or two pits of cherries.

Fact # 7: sweet and sour

It is interesting that the usual cherry is scientifically "sour cherry", even if it is sweet. There is also" bird cherry", which we used to call cherries.

Fact # 8: the origin of the name

Most likely, the cherry (Latin: Prunus Cerásus) got its name from the city of Kerasund located in Asia Minor. It was there that the soldiers of the Roman General Lucullus for the first time ate sweet fruits, which were called "Karasunsky".

Fact № 9: cherry in desserts

Many children like pink sweet cherry, decorating cakes and other desserts - "maraschino cherry". It is interesting that this is a natural cherry, which is first discolored, then saturated with corn syrup, and then give it a color pink dye.

Fact # 10: inedible cherry

The most famous kind of inedible cherry is a famous Japanese Sakura pictures with her blossoming branches adorn many of the apartment is not only the Japanese. Why is Sakura so popular in Japan if you can't eat it? It turns out that rich color of the cherry blossoms heralds the bountiful harvest of rice.

Fact № 11: berries for epileptics

When antiepileptic drugs were not invented, doctors recommended that patients with epilepsy eat more cherries, and in winter - drink decoctions of dried cherry leaves - this prevented the development of attacks, and if they still developed, they were not so strong.

Fact # 12: old sign

One of the people's signs claimed that pregnant women who eat cherries, give birth to healthy children. This can be explained by the fact that cherry due to a large amount of iron, prevented the development of anemia, which is so prone to expectant mothers, and drugs for anemia was not then.

Fact # 13: if you want to sleep

People who can not sleep, can be recommended to eat a handful of cherries before going to bed (or drink 100 grams of cherry juice). Due to the melatonin contained in the cherries, sleep really becomes more calm.

Fact # 14: the official symbol

Since 1997, cherry-the official symbol of one of the States of the USA - Utah.

Fact № 15: official holiday

On a cold winter day on February 20, the United States celebrates National Cherry Pie Day - the national cherry pie day.

Fact # 16: small but hardy

Amazing cherry-cherry Felt. A small tree, reaching a height of only 1.5 meters, in the spring is completely covered with white foam of flowers, which by July turn into berries about a centimeter in diameter, which sit so tightly on the branches that resemble sea buckthorn. This miracle cherry grows in natural conditions even in Khabarovsk. And if suddenly it freezes, it grows from the root and gives the first berry after 2-3 years.

Fact # 17: giant cherry

Cherries can reach a respectable age in several centuries and impressive sizes. So, in the North-West of the UK grows 150-year-old cherry height of 13 meters with a crown diameter of more than 5 meters. What is interesting, it still bears abundant fruit.

Fact # 18: instead of aspirin

Scientists have found that the cherry contains substances similar to aspirin by action. In this case, one tablet of aspirin is replaced by only 20 cherries. In contrast to the pill, cherry has no side effects.

Fact No. 19: statistics

According to statistics, on one tree, if you take the average, grows 7,000 cherries every year, and one traditional cherry pie requires 250 cherries. Question: how many pies will be made of cherries from one tree? Answer: only 28.

Fact № 20: and the population does not know...

When the British authorities turned to the residents of the country to help make a census of all cherry trees, they found out an amazing fact: people confuse cherries not only with plums, but also with apples, especially when the trees are not yet covered with ripe fruits, but only bloom