Avocado-at first glance nondescript fruit with a strange, say directly " no " taste, is gaining popularity among our compatriots and has every right to do so.

Here are just 20 interesting facts about avocados, in fact, they are much more.

Fact # 1: the many-faced avocado

Avocado has many names: crocodile (alligatorov) pear, poor cow, gardemarin oil.

Fact # 2: a very ancient fruit

Avocado has been known for a very long time. More recently, in the tombs of mummies Dating back to 750 BC were found avocado bones. Means already then about this surprising fruit not only knew, but also loved it. Rock paintings of avocado, which are more than 12 000 years old, have also been found.

Fact # 3: not a vegetable, but a fruit

This is actually surprising: it turns out avocado is not a vegetable, and fruit, as it grows on a tree, and the fruits of the trees are fruits.

Fact # 4: it is noted by Guinness

Avocado is listed in the Guinness book of records for the fact that it is the most nutritious fruit in the world. The recording was made on 25.09.1998.

Fact # 5: originally from Mexico

Avocado homeland is Mexico. And even disputes about it aren't conducted.

Fact # 6: a lot of them

We think that avocado always looks the same. In fact, there are about a hundred varieties of avocado. They differ from each other in size (from 100 grams to 2 kg), shape (round, oval, pear), color (from dark green to dark purple), taste and fat content.

Fact № 7: the name was invented by the Spaniards

The name" avocado " this fruit gave the Spaniards, the first Europeans to try it.

Fact # 8: a treat for diabetics

Avocado-a great treat for people suffering from diabetes, as it contains less than one and a half percent of sugars, but a lot of vitamins and minerals, useful for health and strengthening the immune system.

Fact # 9: Lavrushka's relative

Avocado belongs to the family of Laurel, that is, we have a direct relative of the familiar Laurel leaf.

Fact # 10: solid poison

The avocado seed, like its leaves, bark, peel contains toxic substances, so you can not eat them - you can be very poisoned.

Fact № 11: meat substitute

Avocado contains so much protein that it can completely replace meat dishes on the table of vegetarians.

Fact # 12: very nutritious

The 100 grams of avocado contains more than 200 kilocalories, so the fruit is very nutritious and is suitable for cooking main dishes.

Fact # 13: cook carefully

If the avocado is subjected to long - term heat treatment-it begins to bitter. Therefore, it is preferable to use it raw, and if you cook-it is very long.

Fact # 14: not all ripen

In stores sell hard avocados, unripe. It is best to give avocado to ripen helps a simple way: you need to wrap the fruit in a paper bag and put for a couple of days in a dark place at room temperature. Some advise putting avocado with an Apple or banana in a cellophane package - but here the focus with ripening is not always obtained. The cause of error in transport: rotten inside avocado never, under any conditions to Mature can not.

Fact 15: saving from old age and disease

50 grams of avocado contain a daily dose of carotenoids, which contribute to the preservation of youth at the cellular level, improve skin function and provide good vision.

Fact # 16: only healthy fats

Avocado is a third of the fat. But it is useful vegetable unsaturated fats that are easily absorbed by the body and do not increase the level of low density lipoproteins and cholesterol. However, they are necessary for elasticity of all galogensoderjashimi structures of the body.

Fact # 17: nerves of steel

Avocado is rich in b vitamins and other substances that directly and indirectly affect the stability of the nervous system to external stimuli. A person who regularly uses avocado becomes more calm and collected, is able to resist troubles and remains an optimist even in the most difficult situations.

Fact № 18: attention to allergies!

Avocado could develop an allergic reaction. It is especially susceptible to those who are allergic to latex or citrus.

Fact № 19: avocado culture

Avocados are cultivated in Brazil, Africa, Israel and the USA. At the same time, one tree gives up to 300 kg of fruits annually.

Fact # 20: aphrodisiac

Aborigines consider avocado to be the strongest aphrodisiac, and to wish young many children, they give a lot of avocado.